INSTITUTIONAL STRUCTURE OF CYBERSECURITY: WORLD CASES AND AN INSTITUTIONAL STRUCTURE PROPOSAL FOR TURKEY
Keywords:cybersecurity, institutional structuring, USA, Germany, South Korea, Japan
The importance of cybersecurity increases everyday on individual, institutional, national, and global scope and required measures becomes even more complicated and costly. Nowadays, cybersecurity has become a field, which requires international cooperations along with national ones, complex and multi-disciplinary expertise, and nationwide comprehensive pointof-view instead of individual initiatives. After information technology became one of the most crucial components of national economies and public processes, a new approach showed up, strongly relating cybersecurity and national security with each other. With this respect, countries form their national cybersecurity institutional structurings and thus they struggle to develop integrated solution offers on a national scope. Such a tendency also exists in our country, since recently published national cybersecurity strategy documents provided unity in
various efforts to some extent. On the other hand, existing cybersecurity institutional structuring does not fully satisfy effective cooperation needs among government institutions.
In this study, countries remaining in the forefront of cybersecurity and having different geographic characteristics, which are United States of America, Germany, South Korea, and Japan, are analyzed in terms of cybersecurity institutional structurings, and current situation in
Turkey has been examined along with a recommendation on national cybersecurity institutional structuring.
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