Cyberpolitik Journal <p><em>Cyberpolitik</em> Journal - A Peer Review International E-Journal on Cyberpolitics, Cybersecurity and Human Rights - is the first academic journal study in cyberpolitics and cyber security in Turkey. The main mission of our journal is to contribute to the literature of this important field which is in its infancy stage in the international relations literature of Turkey.</p> <p> </p> <p>The goal of the <em>Cyberpolitik</em> Journal is to contribute to the discipline of international relations both nationally and internationally, by analyzing the technological developments, the state's political and security policies, its legal systems and more importantly its democratic structures. From this point of view, the main purpose of the <em>Cyberpolitik </em>Journal is to contribute to a better understanding of the relationship between cyberspace and international relations. Although <em>Cyberpolitik</em> Journal focuses on cyber policy, other important issues such as society, security, peace, international relations, international law and human rights will also be critically analyzed in the journal.</p> Association for Human Rights Education en-US Cyberpolitik Journal 2587-1218 DİJİTAL SAVAŞLAR: APPLE, GOOGLE, MİCROSOFT VE İNTERNET SAVAŞI Muharrem BAYRAK Copyright (c) 2020 2020-07-25 2020-07-25 5 9 168 172 GELECEĞİN SUÇLARI: DİJİTAL DÜNYANIN KARANLIK YÜZÜ Muhammed Resul EROĞLU Copyright (c) 2020 2020-07-25 2020-07-25 5 9 173 177 SAVAŞIN GELECEĞİ: 21. YÜZYILDA GÜÇ, TEKNOLOJİ VE AMERİKAN DÜNYA EGEMENLİĞİ İsmail Kerem KARSLI Copyright (c) 2020 2020-07-25 2020-07-25 5 9 178 182 ETHICAL AND LEGAL QUESTIONS FOR IMPLANTABLE BODY CHIPS <p>The inevitable changes in the world caused new discussions of the ethical and legal issues on implanting computer chips in the human body. As it is known that, at the beginning of the technology, body chips were used for health purposes, but it is not just limited to it anymore. This technology will facilitate constant access to information about every citizen when and where it is needed. Then it could be a sort of threat to security and citizenship. Therefore the ethical and legal debates and discourses have focused on medical and scientific responsibilities, anxieties about the questions of privacy and autonomy. Because democratic and liberal law systems deny especially excessive governmental control on individuals. Policy decisions about chip implantation should not be regulated before it's carefully discussed.</p> <p>This article serves two purposes: One is the consideration of body and mind problem of our century on the issue of body chips and the second is to foresight what are the treats and ethical problems could become about the issue when the governmental and executive systems are considered.</p> Ayşe Yaşar ÜMÜTLÜ Copyright (c) 2020 2020-07-25 2020-07-25 5 9 142 151 A CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF CYBERSECURITY NEWS IN TURKISH MEDIA <p>During the past twenty years, a new concept of security called “cybersecurity” has come to<br>the fore. Despite having no totally agreed-upon definition, cyber-security refers to a different<br>understanding of security. In other words, military measures are not the main instruments to<br>provide that kind of security. In a similar vein, as a result of globalization and the<br>developments in information technologies, cybersecurity has become more critical for both<br>governments and international organizations. Not only in Turkey, but in many other countries,<br>the more digitalized the world has become, the more popular and debated cybersecurityrelated<br>issues have become in media discourse. On the other hand, it is known that, recently<br>critical discourse analysis has been a quite useful analytical tool for researchers to analyze<br>news discourse. Discourse historical approach is a methodological tool in critical discourse<br>studies which stresses the significance of historical context within which the discourse is<br>embedded and the power relations can be analyzed. This article serves two purposes: First is<br>to shed light on the concept of cybersecurity in general and the second is to analyze the state<br>of cybersecurity in media of Turkey in particular. In this sense, cybersecurity-related news in<br>Turkish print and online media play a key role in monitoring cybersecurity in Turkey. The<br>news will be analyzed through applying Critical Discourse Analysis (Discourse Historical<br>Approach in this study). The main conclusion of the study is that cybersecurity-related news<br>cannot have a self-isolated nature like national security news and cyber threats are similar<br>although the countries differ.</p> Begüm BURAK Copyright (c) 2020 2020-07-25 2020-07-25 5 9 152 166 THE DECONSTRUCTION OF NATION-STATE POWER AND THE MATERIALIZATION OF CYBER-STATES <p>The focus of this inquiry is the prospect of the decline of nation-states and the emergence of cyber-states as governing institutions, resulting in a technological form of government that is automated, intelligent, and with minimum human intervention. The design of this paper will define the ‘what is’ and the nature of a cyber-state by a posteriori reasoning, uncovering the differentiated and empirical components we can observe, globalization and computer networks, cyberwarfare and autonomous weapons systems, e-governance, e-economy and virtual currency, and the internet as a new social contract. The decline of the nation-state is not a proposition of elimination; it is a suggestion of metamorphosis. The tradition of political philosophy is to ask the question, what is an ideal regime form? The streamlined nature of technology has swiftly integrated into the human condition to such a degree, political science as a discipline has struggled to incorporate the hard sciences fast enough to catch up with the development of cyberpolitics. The discipline of economics, however, has given the best foundation for empirical integration.</p> Jonathan F. LANCELOT Copyright (c) 2020 Cyberpolitik Journal 2020-07-25 2020-07-25 5 9 2 21 ABD İLE BİRLEŞİK KRALLIK’IN AB VE NATO ÇERÇEVESİNDE SİBER ALANLARININ TARİHSEL ANALİZİ <p>Technological developments have caused the new threats to emerged and which have made it necessary to evaluate the cyberspace together with national security. This work aims to present a comprehensive analysis of both technical and political perspectives of the USA, the United Kingdom and the organizations NATO and European Union, in the cyberspace. The study built on the question of What is the Western perspective on cyberspace which is emphasized that US perspective on cyberspace has transformative effect primarily UK, NATO and the EU. Although there was an understanding of the protection of information in the cyberspace at the beginning, it is seen that the issue was handled with a more operational dimension over time. The fact the US adopts this approach among other actors after September 11 evaluates the cyberspace as new battlefield strengthens this argument. </p> Muharrem BAYRAK Copyright (c) 2020 2020-07-25 2020-07-25 5 9 22 51 THE CYBER POLITICS VISION DOCUMENT GUIDELINE FOR POLITICAL PARTIES <p>The purpose of this article is to develop policy proposals for political parties in order to create a Cyber Politics Vision Document (SPVD) on the cyber domain, which encompasses every area of our lives and deepens its influence with new technologies such as blockchain technology, the Internet of Things (IoTs), mobile technology, cloud technology and big data.</p> <p>It is difficult for a political party to ignore cyberspace, which is becoming more and more important day by day, to receive the support of digital citizens in general, digital natives in particular, or the Z generation. Naturally, when developing cyber-related policies, a political party should prioritize positive security based on a rights-based understanding that targets a free and safe cyberspace. This study provides a design for the structure, scope and theoretical framework of a cyber-politics vision / strategy document within the framework of this approach.</p> Nezir AKYEŞİLMEN Copyright (c) 2020 2020-07-25 2020-07-25 5 9 52 69 SİYASİ PARTİLER İÇİN SİBER SİYASET VİZYON BELGESİ REHBERİ <p>Bu makalenin amacı, hayatımızın her alanını kuşatan ve blok zinciri teknolojisi, nesnelerin interneti (IoTs), mobil teknoloji, bulut teknolojisi ve büyük veri gibi yeni teknolojilerle bu kuşatmasını günden güne derinleştiren siber dünya konusunda, siyasi partilerin bir Siber Siyaset Vizyon Belgesi (SSVB) oluşturmaları amacıyla politika önerisi geliştirmektir. Günden<br />güne önemi artan siber alanı görmezden gelen bir siyasi partinin genel olarak, dijital vatandaşların, özel olarak da dijital yerlilerin veya Z kuşağının desteğini alması zordur. Doğal olarak, siber ile ilgili politikalar geliştirirken, bir siyasi parti özgür ve güvenli bir siber alanı hedefleyen hak-temelli bir anlayışa dayalı pozitif güvenliği öncelemelidir. Bu çalışma, söz konusu yaklaşım çerçevesinde, bir siber siyaset vizyon/strateji belgesinin yapısı, kapsamı ve teorik çerçevesine dair bir tasarım sunmaktadır.</p> Nezir AKYEŞİLMEN Copyright (c) 2020 2020-07-25 2020-07-25 5 9 70 87 CYBERSECURITY AND HUMAN RIGHTS DURING FIGHT AGAINST COVID-19 IN SOUTH ASIA <p>The Covid-19 virus, which appeared in Wuhan city in Hubei Province of China, spread all over the world, causing a major epidemic crisis. Thousands of people have lost their lives in the process from the first days of the virus to its transformation into pandemics, while millions of people have been infected with the virus. Although the methods in the fight against Covid-19 are carried out with different methods in many countries, they continue.</p> <p>In some countries, the Covid-19 pandemic is tackled using advanced technologies and cyber technologies. Examples of these are South Korea, Singapore, China and Taiwan. In these countries, while positive results were obtained in the struggle using cyber technologies, on the other hand, allegations were made that many human rights violations were made during the use of these cyber technologies. Discussions on these violations continue.</p> <p>In some countries, due to the lack of these technologies, the control of the process has resulted in more failures. This failure occurred as the deprivation of people from fundamental rights and freedoms during the fight against the pandemic. Indonesia and the Philippines are examples of these countries. In this study, what kind of cyber security technologies the countries of Asia and Asia-Pacific region use in the pandemic process in general and what problems they pose in the context of human rights will be examined.</p> Kamil TARHAN Copyright (c) 2020 2020-07-25 2020-07-25 5 9 88 112 CYBERSECURITY POLICIES OF TURKEY <p>The Internet, which emerged as a product of the ideological and military competition between the United States and the Russian Federation, became a widespread civilization in the post-Cold War era. With the cyber space, which is accepted as the fifth field, the phenomenon of cyber security has become the national issues of the countries with the recent changes. In order to ensure national security in Turkey has prepared a variety of cyber security policies and action plans. In this context, cyber security studies are in progress along with legal arrangements and institutional structures. The purpose of this article is the identification of cyber space and cyber security concepts and to analyze particular by addressing the work done in terms of ensuring cyber security in Turkey. International Cyber having an important place in providing cybersecurity Security Strategy Papers and Action Plans were discussed in detail in this context Turkey's cyber security status compared to world countries were examined. In this review, issues such as trainings, legal arrangements, drills and capacity studies especially on cyber security were discussed.</p> Hilal Başak KILCI Copyright (c) 2020 2020-07-25 2020-07-25 5 9 113 140 Editorial Nezir AKYEŞİLMEN Copyright (c) 2020 2020-07-25 2020-07-25 5 9 vii ix