AN ANALYSIS ON BORDERS IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE BORDERLESS NATURE OF CYBERSPACE
Keywords:Borders, Cyberspace, International Relations
In the world of the 21st century, globalization plays the most serious card, which is called cyberspace, against the modern nation state and its borders. The borders of states are at risk of erosion or extinction with the emergence of cyberspace as a result of advances in information and communication technologies that gained speed in recent years. Cyberspace creates many issues in point of the sovereignty of states due to its structure that offers unlimited freedoms and facilities. This circumstances recently led to an increase in cyber conflicts. Cyberspace is an unprecedented challenge for Westphalian nation state, with difficulties in identifying perpetrators (anonymity), the unique nature of activities separate from physical interactions,
the difficulties arising from the application of international law and the easily accessible characteristics of the state and its borders. On the basis of all these points, the article discusses the changes and transformations created by cyberspace on borders, which are one of the founding phenomena of international relations.
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